Two Indian journalists covering cricket matches detained briefly

30th July 208

Two Indian journalists who are here to cover the India – Sri Lanka test cricket series were detained briefly today in Galle on security grounds.  FMM is relieved that both of them were released without much delay.

Indian Techvision television cameraman Ali Ekram of RP TV was detained by police while doing a story on the Galle cricket stadium’s backdrop the Old Dutch Fort. He was released after other journalists covering the test match intervened.

Another TV journalist Mustaque Ali working of Z news was detained by group of fisherman while he was filming the beach close to the Galle fort. He was able to contact fellow journalists to explain that the there to cover the cricket match but until the Navy arrived he was not allowed to go back to his hotel.  He was asked by the Navy  to delete the footage of beach close to the harbour.

Both these incidents show the difficulties and hostile environments face by journalists working in Sri Lanka especially photo and Television journalists.  In the past too number of foreign photo journalists were detained on security reasons only because they were covering normal day to day arrangements. 

FMM hope that Galle cricket authorities will take necessary steps to ensure journalists safety in the light of two incidents happened today.

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FMM is disturbed over remarks by Army commander

 

The Free Media Movement is deeply disturbed over the  remarks attributed to the Commander of the Sri Lanka Army, Lieutenant General Sarath Fonseka in recent interviews he has granted.

            One such interview appeared in the state run Sunday Observer newspaper of 20th July 2008. The contents were later posted on the website of the Ministry of Defence (www.defence.lk) thus giving it official credence. Another interview was published in  the Sunday Sinhala weekly Lakbima and was posted thereafter on their website (http://www.lakbima.lk/archive/last 20.07.08/index.htm).

            We reproduce below relevant excerpts of the interviews where Lt. Gen. Fonseka is quoted as justifying the recent attacks, intimidation and harassment of journalists.

“If Keith Noyair has not done anything wrong, he does not have to live in fear. If he has done some damage to our organisation or to a person, especially when he has done something which he is not suppose to do, then it is natural he must be living in fear. If they think that they have done something of that nature the best thing for them is to correct themselves and rectify the mistake”.

“We know that journalists are being bribed, given ‘drinks’, treated in restaurants and they have their own vested interests.. . We know very well about those media people who take bribes, write and voice their opinion for some personal gains.

These so called media guys are not responsible to the people and they are not entitled to such media freedom.

That Keith Noyair who was assaulted was returning from a restaurant with his friends and they were drunk. We do not know that somebody in the restaurant had got annoyed with them, followed him and assaulted.

So, especially the media people should behave well and set an example to others. To me, those who stage protests with unshaven beards, long hairs and wearing costumes like in fancy dress competitions are not scribes who are clamoring for media freedom but a gang of thugs”. (Interview with the Observer, reproduced in www.defense.lk )

In another interview with Sinhala language weekly Lakbima the commander had said the attacks on Keith Noyahr, Iqbal Atthas and Namal Perera could be the consequences of their “misdeeds”            

If indeed Lt. Gen. Fonseka has made the remarks attributed to him, the FMM is of the view, that it is unbecoming conduct of a highest military   officer. At a time when he is spearheading a war against Tiger rebels, it is unfortunate that he has chosen it fit to justify indirectly the recent attacks on journalists. (The FMM waited for a week before making this statement to see if there would be any corrections to the interviews form the commander.)

            In reporting any public interest issue, no doubt, independent journalists may express dissenting views. Such views may sometimes be uncomfortable to various persons in the echelons of power. The time honoured tradition under successive Governments have been for those concerned to counter those views, correct the facts if they are known or state their own.

 If they violated the laws of the land, they would also have recourse to Courts. However, if the remarks of Lt. Gen. Fonseka are in fact correct it clearly leaves an indelible impression that the might of the military is being brought to bear on unarmed and unprotected journalists. This in the form of a hate campaign to threaten harasses, intimidate and force them into silence. This is an extremely disturbing trend and is unprecedented in Sri Lanka.

            Making this even more disconcerting, the FMM strongly believes, is the deafening silence of the Government. Not so long ago, they announced the appointment of a Ministerial Committee to alleviate the problems faced by journalists. Several Ministers made pledges to protect them and ensure media freedom.

            FMM believes that it would be the responsibility of the Government to make its position clear. Otherwise, FMM fears, their silence or indifference would only pave the way for more journalists to be killed, brutally assaulted, intimidated and harassed.

Mahanayaka Thera supports media

The Mahanayaka thera of the Malwatte Chapter the Ven.Thibbotuwawe Sri Sumangala Thera has stressed the need to excert pressure on government to stop threat to media freedom in Sri Lanka.

Secretary general of the Working Journalists Association (WJA) Poddala Jayantha who met Most Venerable Thibbotuwawe Sri Sumangala Maha Thera on Monday said that they met the venarable thera to brief on the present situation faced by the media in Sri Lanka.

He said they are now meeting religious leaders to make them aware of the pressures and threats that they have faced with, and seek their blessings.

Losing democratic rights

Poddala Jayantha said, “suppression of media has left public without reliable information and this is a sign of losing democratic rights”.

The journalists requested the prelate to intervene and advise the politicians against the attacks on free media.

“Maha Nayaka Thero is aware of the incidents and told us that he will request the president to take action to stop attacking media”, said Poddala Jayantha

Journalists working for state television network were attacked following an incident involving Minister Mervin Silva last December.

(DM)

In Sri Lanka, harassment of journalists is commonplace

By JOSH NORMAN
SUN HERALD
There was one moment for me in Sri Lanka, when I knew my job would be something beyond challenging.

It was early in the morning on my first day. I was in Colombo, the administrative and economic capital of Sri Lanka. A 21-year-old in a raggedy Army uniform was pointing a Kalishnakov (AK-47) at me, telling me I would be unable to get past the checkpoint he was guarding unless I showed him my media credentials.

I had already obtained an official journalist visa to enter Sri Lanka, but was told at the last minute by embassy officials I needed to head to the Foreign Ministry on arrival to “check in,” provide a second pile of letters proving I am not a terrorist – which I made up – and get further credentials.

I said to the gun-toting post-adolescent with pimples that I did not have credentials yet, and that I was in fact at that moment in this taxi with my translator on my way to the Foreign Ministry to obtain said credentials.

He said again, “You cannot get past this checkpoint without credentials.”

I said, “I cannot get credentials without getting past this checkpoint.”

This went back and forth a few more times, and we of course lost our side of the argument, being gunless.

This month is the 25th anniversary of Black July in Sri Lanka, when 1,000 ethnic Tamils were killed in general rioting by the Sinhalese majority. The causes of those riots are under dispute, but their long-term result is not. They touched off a civil war that continues today.

The current president of Sri Lanka, Mahinda Rajapkse, two years into power, has taken the official position that all media, local and foreign, are either “with them or against them” in the civil war.

As a result, open season has been declared on local journalists by all sides. They are regularly arrested, beaten, threatened by government officials and, as happened this past March, hacked to death when they report things either the government or the insurgents do not like.

My translator told me that while foreigners are only in the rarest of circumstances harmed, they are often deported and harassed, especially if they do not have credentials.

So we went back to the checkpoint several hours later and mercilessly harassed the deputy minister who was the only one who could help us get the credentials by phone.

We finally got past the checkpoint and got a 5-second meeting with the minister, who says upon arrival that he doesn’t have time to sign the letter – that we then have to take to the other ministry to get our laminated, stamped credentials – because he’s on his way to a meeting.

He said, “You should come back.”

I explain the checkpoint problem to him.

He said, “Yeah, right, well, I’m off.” And he leaves.

I got my credentials three days later, but was continually harassed by government officials during the duration of my stay in Colombo and was told I would not be allowed to travel to the part of the country with the worst tsunami destruction because of the war.

There were also plenty of moments where I would walk into a store and someone would follow, pull out their cell phone, start texting furiously, then follow me back into the street without purchasing anything.

I eventually made it to the southern coast – which had plenty of tsunami destruction and was far away from the conflict zones – by riding in the back of a Red Cross car, which flew through checkpoints.

I got a handful of good stories from tsunami survivors, but I wanted to have dozens of stories and more time to spend with each person. Under the stressed, tense circumstances, it was as good as I could’ve done.

I’m still not sure how much of an accomplishment it was to make it out of there in one piece. A friend with significant experience reporting in some of the world’s worst places told me when I got back, “That’s life. We usually never know how close we come to death, disability or dismemberment, as they say on the insurance forms. I suppose when we die, there’ll be some guy who’ll meet us in heaven and say, ‘Hey, you know that time in Trenton in 1998 when you stopped at the Gulf station for gas instead of the Sunoco? That saved your life because somebody at the Sunoco was going to blow your brains out.'”

Joshua Norman is a former Sun Herald staffer who was here after Katrina. He has spent the past year as a Kaiser Family Foundation Media Fellow, which included his recent trip to Sri Lanka.

On the arrest and temporary detention of ITN producer Nagalingam Kennyoodsan

 

The Free Media Movement (FMM) expresses its serious disquiet on the arrest and temporary detention of Nagalingam Kennyoodsan, Tamil Programme Producer of the Independent Television Network (ITN) by the Dehiwala Police. He was taken from his boarding room at Malwatte Road, Dehiwala, on 26th August 2008, on mere suspicion. He has worked at the state-controlled ITN for more than ten years.

He was released on the same day, but only after representations made by media organisations. However, he has been asked not to come to work and to go on leave by the management of ITN, again without any lawful reason being given.

FMM also learns that a friend of Mr. Nagalingam, Mr.Kathirkamanathan Ragulan, who is also boarded at the same address, has also been arrested by the Dehiwala Police, produced in courts, and remanded in the Welikada prison. We note with concern that dozens of people of Tamil origin have been arrested around the capital Colombo, as part of security measures that are being taken for the SARRC summit. On the 25th anniversary to the month of the anti-Tamil pogrom of July 1983, and in the light of the continued detention of journalist J. S. Tissainayagam on extremely tenuous legal grounds since March 2008, we consider this to be an act of ethnic discrimination.

While FMM fully acknowledges the duty of the authorities in respect of the security of the capital during an international conference, we are deeply worried about Mr. Nagalingam’s arrest made on mere suspicion, and treating him like a criminal by taking fingerprints before releasing him only on personal bail.

It is also regrettable that even after a Cabinet sub-committee for the protection of media professionals has been established, acts of intimidation and attempts at the humiliation of journalists are continuing. FMM cannot see any positive influence on the curbing of the on-going suppression of the media as a result of the establishment of this ministerial sub-committee. Adding an element of farce to the unfolding tragedy, we note that the sub-committee’s telephone hotline, announced with tremendous fanfare, has been dead for days.

Ministerial media subcommittee ‘dumb’ – UNP

Saturday, 26 July 2008 21:01
 
The ministerial subcommittee tasked with matters of the media has become non-contactable, said UNP’s free media spokesman Dayasiri Jayasekara.
He told ‘Lanka Dissent’ that telephones at the BMICH office of this subcommittee have been inaccessible for the past one week.
According to him, the 0602119241 telephone has been suspended by the service provider, while there is no answer to the 2669128 telephone.
The government appointed subcommittee comprises ministers Sarath Amunugama, Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, Dallas Alahapperuma, Lakshman Yapa Abeywardena and Faizer Mustafa.

Media persons enjoying the ‘vipaka’ (results) of their sins blame me -Army Commander

(Lanka-e-News, July 19, 2008, 11.20 PM) Media persons attempt to sling mud on the images of the Army and the Army Commander and when they enjoy the ‘vipaka’ (results) of their sins, they blame me, says Army Commander Sarath Fonseka in an interview with Sunday ‘Lakbima’ Sinhala newspaper.
Commenting on the incidents of threatening to media persons like Keith Noir, Namal Perera and Iqbal Athas, the Army Commander says, “According to my analysis on their charges against Army and Army Commander for attacking them, they might have done wrong to the Army or the Army Commander. When somebody attacks them, their conscience recalls the wrong they had done. Therefore they say that they were attacked by Army.”

Stating that the allegations against him were baseless, the Army Commander added that the aim of allegations was slinging mud at his image.

In response to the Opposition Chief Whip Joseph Michael Perera’s statement that the media persons were assaulted by a team under the Army Commander, the latter said that the MP also had causes to disrupt the forward march of the Army. “If he was a responsible citizen, he could have initiate legal action without limiting to making a statement in the parliament. He could have submitted the evidences to police, courts and Ministry of Defense.”

The Army Commander said that there were enough of such irresponsible persons whose mouths cannot be shut as same as the mouth of a barking dog cannot be shut.

After 365 days it’s now a crawl for survival- LankaDissent

 
Monday, 07 July 2008 14:59 administrator   
One year ago this day (July 07th) was when we got this web site out in the net from this troubled little island, expecting the world would have an alternate view of our country than what’s usually captured in the conventional media. It was certainly an adventurous journey, WE set ourselves upon. But then, who are “we” and “why” did we ?

Over the past two years plus a few months, this country, Sri Lanka, was gradually getting caught in a very oppressive political Tsunami. The first attack on the media was in December, 2005, just 27 days after the UPFA candidate Rajapaksa was sworn in as President to claim a “Unitary State” on a flimsy Sinhala majority after an aggressive “Hutuist” campaign. That attack on 15th December, was on Tamil media – on the Eelanadu News paper office – and caught no attention in the South. In less than 90 days, there were 09 reported incidents, all against the Tamil media, with S.S. Rajan of “Sudar Oli” being gunned down in Trincomalee on 26th January, 2006.

These were not serious crimes against the media or against journalists for the Colombo based media. They were carried as “just another news” with racist nuances where possible. The Colombo based media in general thought they had a more patriotic “national task” in hand, covering and exposing the “CFA violations by the Tigers” as decided and defined by the government. This totally unethical approach by especially the Colombo based print media that violated its own Code of Ethics, formulated by their own Editors’ Guild, helped in cementing a social psyche that accepted media suppression as part of the war against the separatist “Tigers”. 

In just one year, by mid 2007, there remained no distinctions between Sinhala and Tamil or Tamil and English media. Editors were threatened, news paper offices were broken into and set on fire, journalists were threatened, assaulted, abducted, tortured and dumped on roadsides, one or two went missing and were found killed. This time it wasn’t only in Jaffna, but in Colombo too.

The Sinhala weekly news paper “Maubima” came under direct attack too. Its Editorial Assistant Miss. Parameswari, a young Tamil girl was taken into custody by the Terrorist Investigation Division (TID) of the CID. Most Sinhala media, including some electronic channels as well, projected Parameswari as a “Tiger informant” justifying her arrest and her continued detention without charges. A justification that provided this “Morbid Regime” (MR) to menacingly stretch its repression over the whole news paper, to freeze bank accounts and detain Basnayake, a Director of the publishing company and eventually forced “Maubima” to close down. Thereafter both Parameswari and Basnayake were released with absolutely no charges.

A few of us there after, with our own linkages with the media, were prompted to seriously discuss the emerging trend(s). We agreed first, the media here in Sri Lanka would not be serious in challenging the government against coercion, intimidation and the government’s right to dictate terms on the media. No, the media is divided politically, over a war they themselves contribute to project as victorious. It was therefore “patriotic” for them to play with the government. They had their own reasoning, way outside media ethics. We also agreed, the media organizations were “within a box” and would not go beyond statements and a ‘picket’ for the cameras. They are also not organically representing the journalists, while the journalists even for now do not act as a professional group.

We finally agreed that the issue of media freedom and independence of the media is not an isolated issue in Sri Lanka that could be treated separately. It came within the larger political canvas, was a strong democratic issue glued to a broader campaign for Social Democracy. WE therefore decided upon a platform for SOCIAL DEMOCRACY.

Since the conventional media is living under a sinister, revengeful, cloaked brutality, we decided to exploit the internet to project a dissenting voice as “Lankadissent”, the news web site that for the first time brought news and features in all 03 languages, Sinhala, Tamil and English. We were fortunate in having a very sympathetic and supportive resource base that allowed us to regularly improve the quality of our news and features presentation, both in content and in format. We became a very prominent news site in a very short time, not only with the Diaspora, but in Sri Lanka as well. The latest “visitor records” to our site has 57 per cent from Sri Lanka logging in daily.

That has its own rip off too. We were harassed by the authorities for our reporting. Our e-mail ‘in-box’ was hacked into. Our e-mail was used to insult and threaten other site administrators. Our site was completely blocked, denying access to us. We were compelled to immediately change our domain parking at a cost. The threat on media was extending to the cyber world as well. 

Within just 365 days, we grew and matured within this very repressive MR. A regime that screws its nuts and bolts tenaciously on the media. Tissainayagam and another are detained for over 120 days without charges. Keith Noyer was abducted, tortured and left numbed. Divayina defense correspondent had “unnamed visitors” who told him what not to write, if he pays any value to his life. Fredrica Jansz had a bleeding, beheaded cockerel in her front porch followed by threatening phone calls. Journalist Namal Perera and British HC Political Officer Mahendra Ratnaweera were added to the list of almost abducted and badly mutilated media personnel, again under this MR. 

SL thus becomes the 03rd most dangerous country in the world for journalists. It would be that or far worse in time to come with a continuing war, the government wants the media keep out from. “The media need not get involved in discussing the war” President Rajapaksa had told both the Publishers and Editors of the Print Media a fortnight before Namal Perera was “dealt with”.

The year ahead is one that would need closer co-operation among journalists and media organizations to face off threats and intimidations. The year ahead is one that needs a bigger and a larger hand from society to keep going with a dissenting voice. Our effort in creating a dissenting voice though a difficult task, is an important responsibility. Our effort to stay alive, though a bitter struggle, is worth the toil. We would therefore strive to crawl through all these ordeals, expecting every one of you to stand with us. And thank you for being with us all through this difficult crawl for life.

Police earplugs on Jaffna phones

 
Users of CDMA and mobile phones in the Jaffna peninsula have been asked to obtain a police clearance certificate for the use of the phones from this month, an official said yesterday.

For the past two months, CDMA phones have been barred while the use of hand phones is restricted to a few hours a day in the peninsula.

The police have already sent a printed application form to the Jaffna Telecom office to deliver it to phone users along with their telephone bills for this month, Regional Telecom Engineer N. Sivanandan said.
He said that since May, the phones had been barred by the security forces and many subscribers had been inquiring from him as to what was happening.

Mr. Sivanandan said the communication network in the peninsula was handled by the security forces and he was not in a position to restore the service. There are nearly 7,200 CDMA phones and 150,000 mobile phones in use in Jaffna.